Prior to the early 18th-century discovery of diamond mines in Brazil and South Africa, India was the sole supply of the world’s diamonds, with much of it mined in a small geographic area named Golconda in the present-day states of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana.
Because of the existence of diamonds in the area, Golconda became a diamond trading center, and the Golconda market was the principal source of the world’s finest and largest diamonds until the end of the nineteenth century. The term Golconda came to be associated with tremendous wealth, and it is still revered by diamond sellers and collectors.
1) The Great Mogul Diamond
The Great Mogul Diamond, a massive jewel fashioned like a half-egg and named after Shah Akbar, India’s third Mogul monarch.
2) Great Table diamond
According to amusing planet reports, a flat diamond known as the Great Table diamond is supposed to be held in a dungeon in Golconda. Nader Shah plunders the diamond during his invasion of India in 1739, and it vanishes after his assassination.
3) The Tavernier Blue
The Tavernier Blue diamond was one of Golconda’s most famous creations. The 67-carat triangular-shaped stone with a tinge of blue was placed on a golden cravat pin with a neck ribbon that the king wore throughout ceremonies.
4) The Koh-i-Noor
The Koh-i-Noor is another renowned Golconda diamond that has been the subject of much ownership contention. Koh-i-Noor was originally part of the Mughal Peacock Throne, a famous jeweled throne commissioned in the early 17th century by emperor Shah Jahan and mined in Kollur Mine. It probably weighed close to 200 carats and was originally part of the Mughal Peacock Throne, a famous jeweled throne commissioned in the early 17th century by emperor Shah Jahan.
5) The Daria-i-Noor
The Daria-i-Noor, the world’s largest pink diamond, was also mined near Kollur and is now in the Iranian Crown Jewels collection of the Central Bank of Iran in Tehran.
6) Jacob Diamond
Jacob Diamond, a 185 carat colorless stone and the world’s fifth-largest polished diamond, is possibly the sole important Golconda diamond in India’s possession.
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