If there is a problem with the way balance works in the inner ear, it can lead to vertigo. It can also be due to the problem caused in some part of the brain.


Following are the causes of vertigo.

· Labyrinthitis –

When an infection cause inflammation of ear labyrinth, this disorder occurs

· Cholesteatoma –

Due to repeated infection, this noncancerous skin growth develops in the middle ear, behind the eardrum.

· Vestibular neuritis –

This disorder occurs due to inflammation of vestibular neuritis.

· Meneire’s disease –

This disease can cause buildup of fluid in inner ear which can lead to attacks of vertigo and hearing loss

· Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo –

In this case, the spinning or dizziness occurs due to inaccurate information received by the brain about a person’s position.

Other causes of vertigo are as follows:

· A head injury

· Migraine headaches

· Ear surgery

· Shingles in the ear or around the ear.

· Ataxia which causes the muscles to weaken

· Cerebellar or brainstem disease

· Multiple sclerosis

· Otosclerosis is a condition where the middle ear bone growth problem leads to hearing loss.


It is possible to resolve some vertigo without any treatment but if there is an underlying problem, then treatment is a must.

Doctors usually prescribe antibiotics for a bacterial infection. In case of shingles, antiviral drugs are prescribed.

Medications such as antihistamines and anti-emetics can reduce the symptoms such as motion sickness and nausea.

If the treatments are not effective, then surgery is recommended and it is appropriate for Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo and acoustic neuroma.

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Also Read: Vertigo: Illness And Conditions