Lake Magadi is found in the Great Rift Valley, in southern Kenya, in a huge valley whose layer is made almost completely of solid or semisolid soda. This saline, alkaline lake is nearly 100 square kilometers in magnitude. It is composed of a dense sodium carbonate brine which accelerates huge quantities of the mineral trona, which is used as the raw material for soda ash or simply sodium carbonate. In this area, the salt is up to 40 meters wide. This trona is obtained and distilled by the Magadi Soda Company and the occurring soda ash is sold for a different uses, which includes glass manufacturing, cloth dyeing, and production of paper.
Lake Magadi is one of the few spots in the world where trona forms naturally and is the biggest source of natural soda ash in Africa. Lake Magadi is one of the great salines, but also it is one of the smallest, alkaline lake sumps in the Rift Valley. There is no regular stream gushing into Lake Magadi. The lake is filled mainly by saline hot springs with temperature up to 86 °C, feeding into alkaline “lagoons” or “moat facies” around the lake edges.
The resultant cracking and thrusting of the layers break the trona pavement up into a sequence of overthrust-edged saucers, with little bright pink brine in the midst of each polygon; the pink color is due to the result of a haloarchaeal bloom. The view of Kenya’s pink lake or lake Magadi is really very beautiful and pleasant to your eyes. The colour of the lake and the appearance of the lake is something new for you to experience.
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