Weight loss surgery, often known as bariatric surgery, can be a helpful technique for overweight people. However, like with any surgical operation, there are risks and side effects. Following are some of the most prevalent adverse effects of weight loss surgery:
Infection: Infections can occur at the surgical incision site or elsewhere in the body. Antibiotics are routinely recommended following surgery to lower the disease risk, although infection may occur.
Dumping Syndrome: Dumping syndrome is when food passes too quickly from the stomach to the small intestine, resulting in nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, and abdominal cramping. This can happen following certain weight-loss surgeries, such as gastric bypass.
Nutritional deficits: Following weight loss surgery, the body’s ability to absorb specific nutrients may be compromised, resulting in dietary shortages. Vitamin B12, iron, calcium, and vitamin D shortages are standard and can cause anaemia, bone loss, and other health problems. Therefore, regular nutrient monitoring and supplementation may be required.
Gallstones: Rapid weight loss following weight loss surgery might increase the chance of developing gallstones, which are hard deposits that can form in the gallbladder and cause discomfort, nausea, and vomiting. In some circumstances, gallbladder removal may be essential.
Changes in bowel habits: Some people may experience gastrointestinal alterations following weight loss surgery, such as diarrhoea, constipation, or irregular bowel movements. Dietary modifications and drugs can help with this.
Psychological and emotional effects: Weight loss surgery can have psychological and emotional consequences, such as changes in body image, self-esteem, and mood. After surgery, some people may experience despair, anxiety, or other mental health difficulties.
It’s important to note that not all patients may suffer these adverse effects, and many can be treated with good medical care and lifestyle adjustments. However, before making any decisions, it is critical to consult with a trained healthcare practitioner about the potential dangers and benefits of weight loss surgery. In addition, regular follow-up sessions and adherence to a post-surgery care plan are critical for monitoring any side effects and ensuring effective weight reduction and long-term health.